Oligosaccharides covalently attached to lipid as in the glycosphingolipids (GSL) found in plasma membranes of all animal and some plant cells. The lipid part of GSLs is sphingosine in which the amino group is acylated by a fatty chain, forming a ceramide. Most of the oligosaccharide chains belong to one of four series, the ganglio-, globo-, lacto-type 1 and lacto-type 2 series. Blood group antigens are GSLs.

Dictionary of molecular biology. 2004.

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  • glycolipid — noun Date: 1936 a lipid (as a ganglioside or a cerebroside) that contains a carbohydrate radical …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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  • glycolipid — A lipid with one or more covalently attached sugars. * * * gly·co·lip·id .glī kō lip əd n a lipid (as a ganglioside or a cerebroside) that contains a carbohydrate radical * * * n. a lipid containing a sugar molecule (usually galactose or glucose) …   Medical dictionary

  • glycolipid — n. substance which is made up of a carbohydrate and a lipid (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • glycolipid — gly·co·lipid …   English syllables

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